Chhath festival – An identity of Biharis

The Chhath festival, which is called the festival of Biharis, spread not only in Bihar but in the whole world after coming out of Bihar, which is a matter of great pride for the Bihari society and it is seen that the people of the filled society always keep their mother i.e. Chhathi Maiya as their mother. Keep it together, today the existence of Bihar and Biharis is saved because of this Chhath festival because the way Bihar was looted by its own sons who were themselves Bihari since independence. Some Bihari leaders say that it is not possible to set up industry in Bihar, but there is such an area in Bihar where tourism could have been increased, this disaster could have been converted into an opportunity, these leaders who helped millions of Biharis to migrate. Majboor Kiya (The employment of lakhs of Biharis was snatched because sugar mills, textile mills, fertilizer mills, patua mills etc. were closed from Bihar and Biharis have to lead a life of humiliation in other states. It is requested that I do the sixth maiya, deliver again a Bihari, I am a Bihari, my mother has also kept a fast, even after staying in Bihar, I am not with her today, the main reason for not mixing my holiday, May be by hitting some excuse I can take leave but I am not able to get train ticket, whom may I blame. Mulayam ji died a few days ago, only a few days are left, Lalu-Nitish will also come to an end, then the new leader of the new Bihar will come, but let’s make Bihar a Bihar again where there is no need to lock the houses. There is no need, where rivers of milk flow, no Bihari has to go away from his mother and sixth mother, where Bihari is an honor, Bihari is an identity. This is not my call, but the call of the soul of every Bihari away from his mother because of wages, but we Biharis have such a quality that wherever we go, we belong to that place. Somewhere as a foreigner, somewhere as a foreigner, but never left his sixth Maya, every pond, river like this, every water source has been made Chhath Ghat and good to those brothers who have made our pride in their city, state and their country. And gave so much respect to our sixth Mayya, perhaps that is why today Chhath has spread from Bihar to the whole world, leaders of Bihar like Lalu Yadav, Nitish Kumar may have become the reason for the exodus of Biharis, but in spite of this, Biharis have made their existence known. Did not let you get lost, painted everyone in your color wherever you went, made everyone your own by becoming everyone.

Eagerly waiting for Chhath

Biharis are waiting for Chhath festival months before Diwali, in order to come home from the state in this festival, people of Bihari society book plane or train tickets months before the arrival of Diwali, so that every year India The government has to arrange additional trains for Bihar, yet people sitting in the bathroom of the train just want to reach their Bihar for their Chathi Maiya. Such is the love of Biharis with their Chhath festival and their Chhath Maiya. Not only in India, there is no such festival in the whole world for which people come to celebrate Chhath festival even after suffering so much. That is the festival of Chhath! That Ray Chhathi Maiya and that people of Bihar bow down to you!

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Who does this Chhath festival and why?

Chhath is like a hard penance which the women of our Bihar do, some men also keep this fast. Women observing fast are called Parvaitin. In this fast of four days, the fasting has to be done continuously. Along with food, a pleasant bed is also sacrificed. The Vratis spend the night on the floor with the help of a blanket, tarai or sheet in the rooms (which are prepared by wrapping) for the festival. People attending this festival wear new clothes. In which there is no sewing of any kind, it is mandatory for the fast to wear such clothes. Women celebrate Chhath by wearing saris and men wearing dhoti. After starting the Chhath festival, it has to be done for many years until a married woman of the next generation is ready for it. This festival is not celebrated when someone dies in the house. It is believed that women who observe fast on Chhath festival get the son Ratna. Generally women keep this fast for the welfare of the son and for the welfare of the son. Men also keep a fast for their desired work to be successful with full devotion.

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Bazar on chhath Puja

How to prepare for chhath puja

Before Chhath Puja, the houses are cleaned, new clothes are bought, fruits, flowers, grains that happen in that season like new money, Kasar, Thekua, Banana, Sev, Coconut, Radish, Suthni, Ginger, turmeric, orange, gooseberry, pineapple, betel leaf, alata, those who want to fill the kosi, those people who have 12 or 24 koshi, which are given by the potter of the village, apart from this new basket made of bamboo or change, made of bamboo Naya Sup, Poori, Batasa and the most important of these would be sugarcane, then all the fruits and grains that occur in the winter season are materials made from grains, which a Bihari man starts collecting a week in advance for Chhath Vratis, if anyone sees heaven. If yes then go to Bihar at the time of Chhath, the market environment is wonderful, maybe a Bihari comes home from hundreds of kilometers away, regardless of job, to enjoy it.

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Nature of chhath festival

Chhath Puja is a holy festival lasting four days. It starts on Kartik Shukla Chaturthi and ends on Kartik Shukla Saptami. During this, our Chhath fasting Chhathvarti observes a fast for 36 hours continuously. During this, food is a distant thing, they do not even take water, such austerity can be seen only in the women of Bihar.

First day(Bathing and eating)
The first day of Chhath festival, known as ‘Nahay-Khay’, begins with the Chaturthi of Chaitra or Kartik month, Kartik Shukla Chaturthi. First of all the house is cleaned and sanctified. After that Chhathvrati bathe in the nearby river Ganga, a tributary of the Ganges, a pond or other natural water bodies. On this day, the fasting people take a bath after cutting their nails, etc., washing their hair thoroughly with clean water. While returning, he brings with him Gangajal which he uses for cooking. They keep their surroundings clean and tidy. The fasting eats food only once on this day. In the food, Vratis use pumpkin vegetable, moong gram dal, rice. Fried puris, parathas, vegetables etc. are prohibited. This food is cooked in a bronze or earthen pot. Mango wood and earthen stove are used for cooking. When the food is prepared, first the fast eats the food, only then other members of the family eat the food.

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Bathing in river

Second day (Kharna)
The second day of Chhath festival, known as Kharna or Lohanda, is celebrated on the fifth day of Chaitra or Kartik month. On this day the fasting fast for the whole day. On this day, fasting food is not a matter of far away, before sunset, even a drop of water is not consumed. In the evening, rasivav (sugarcane juice kheer) is prepared using rice jaggery and sugarcane juice. Salt and sugar are not used in cooking. By again giving these two things to the Sun God, they do ‘solitude’ in the same house, that is, they accept it by staying alone. All the family members go out of the house at that time so that there is no noise. It is against the rules of the festival to hear any kind of sound for the fasting person while eating alone.

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Sugarcane juice kheer

After eating the fast again, he feeds the same ‘Kheer-Roti’ to all his family members and friends and relatives. This whole process is called ‘Kharna’. Rice pitha and ghee-laden roti are also distributed as prasad. After this, for the next 36 hours, the fasting fast is kept Nirjala. At midnight, the fasting prepares special prasad Thekua for Chhath Puja.

Third day (Sandhya-To the setting sun- Arghya)

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Sandhya Arghya

The third day of Chhath festival, known as Sandhya Arghya, is celebrated on Chaitra or Kartik Shukla Shashthi. Throughout the day, all the people together make preparations for the worship. Special prasad like thekua, rice casserole also known as kachvaniya are made for Chhath puja. For Chhath Puja, a basket made of bamboo is put in the prasad, fruits of worship in Jaya Daura and kept in Devkari. After worshiping there, in the evening, taking coconut, five types of fruits, and other items of worship in a soup, keeping it in Daura, the man of the house lifts it with his hands and takes it to Chhath Ghat. It is not impure so that it is kept on the top of the head. On the way towards Chhath Ghat, women usually go singing the song of Chhath.

Chhathparvi filling Kosi

On the banks of a river or a pond, women sit on a straw made of money made by a member of the household. After removing the soil from the river, the chaura of Chhath Mata remains, keeping all the things of worship on it, offer coconut and light a lamp. Shortly before sunset, taking all the items of worship of the Sun God, standing knee-deep in water and offering Arghya to the setting Sun God, he circumambulates him five times.

Singing the song of Chhath by villagers of Bihar

The ingredients include ‘thekua’ made from wheat flour made by the Vratis themselves. This thekua is so called because it is made by stumbling the dough of dough on a specially designed firm of wood. In addition to the above dishes, all new tubers-roots, vegetables, spices and food grains grown in the fields like sugarcane, molasses, turmeric, coconut, lemon (large), ripe bananas etc. are offered in the month of Kartik. All these things are offered only whole (uncut). Apart from this, for lighting the lamp, carrying new lamps, new lights and ghee and lighting the lamp at the ghat. The most important grain in this is the grains of Kusahi Kerav (light green black, slightly smaller than a pea) which are brought in the crate but are not offered to Surajdev in the evening Arghya. These are kept safe in the crate to be offered to the rising sun tomorrow morning. Many people stay overnight at the ghat, while some people singing the song of Chhath come home with all their belongings and keep it in Devkari.

Chhathparvi filling Kosi

Fourth day (Arghya-parna to the rising sun god)

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Arghya is offered to the rising sun god on the morning of Kartik Shukla Saptami on the fourth day. Even before sunrise, the fasting people reach the ghat to worship the rising Sun God and their ancestors and relatives are present as in the evening. The dishes offered in Sandhya Arghya are replaced by new ones, but the tubers, roots, fruits and vegetables remain the same. All the rules and regulations are the same as in the evening prayer. Only the fasting people stand in the water facing east at this time and worship the sun and remain in the water till the sun god gives his darshan. After the worship is over, the ghat is worshipped. After distributing prasad among the people present there, the fasting comes home and also distributes prasad to his family at home. Vratis come back home and worship the Peepal tree in the village, which is called Brahma Baba. After the worship, the fasting is completed by drinking syrup of raw milk and eating some prasad, which is called Parana or Parana. The fasting people eat salty food this morning after fasting from Kharna till date.

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Chhath Puja concludes

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After the end of the worship, all the people of our Bihari society tell the offerings of worship to their neighborhood and the foreigners return to their work, along with their prasad and distribute it among the people of their office, and back. While returning to the job, he goes to his village promising his Chhathi Maiya to come in the next Chhath. Such is the festival of faith and trust of the people of great Bihar.

Prayer to Chhath Maiya for Biharis!

This is my prayer to the chathi ithat if you want to give the chathi Maiya, then give such a boon to the Biharis that they do not have to run away, they do not have to travel standing in the bathroom compartment of the train, they should get respect and respect. Jai ho chathi maiya !

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Madan singh

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